Most Swiss agreements are concluded under the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). In addition, Switzerland also has the right to negotiate free trade agreements without efTA participation, as has been the case, for example, with China, Japan and the Faroe Islands. An approved exporter may, in all agreements, submit invoice declarations in all agreements, regardless of the value of the lot. These should not be signed by hand. The exporter must obtain the authorization of the relevant district customs office; this authorization is granted on the condition that the applicant guarantees that he is complying with the country of origin provisions and that he has submitted correct country of origin declarations in the past. For more information: SCA – Licensed exporters. The position jump means that all primary materials used that do not meet the criteria of the country of origin must be added to numbers other than the final product. To do this, you first need to know the numbers of the primary products as well as those of the final product. The figures are the first four digits of the harmonized system (SH) tariff numbers. The United States has 14 free trade agreements with 20 countries and is currently negotiating regional free trade agreements with several other countries. The signatories to a free trade agreement form a free trade area (for example. B Switzerland-EU).

It is not a customs union, that is, the signatories of the agreement retain their own external tariffs. On the other hand, in the case of a customs union, there are only common external customs duties. Once the goods have crossed this line and reached the market, they can move freely between the different countries without any other tariffs. Examples of customs union: European Union or Swiss-Liechtenstein. The export or export administrators concerned must at least be familiar with the fundamental principles underlying the application of free trade agreements and know the applicable rules. More information on country of origin rules and country of origin products is available in the country of origin. An updated overview of the Swiss free trade agreements network can be found in the www.seco.admin.ch section. The objective of preferential origin is to make goods duty-free when exporting to a free trade agreement or to subject them to a reduced duty.

This document is accompanied by a certificate of movement of goods or a declaration of country of origin on invoice. Compliance with non-preferential country of origin rules does not exempt goods from customs when imported into a third country – these country of origin rules only apply if the destination country requires a country of origin certificate for importation. This should not be confused with the issue of Swissness («Made in Switzerland»), which is subject to another set of rules.